Grammer

Simple Present Tense

The simple present tense in English is used in 4 situations: for stating facts, for repeated or regular actions that happen right now, for habits, and for things that are always true.The basic structure is diagrammed below.

Subject Verb Predicate
I/You/They speak to the teacher.
He/She/It speaks to the teacher.

1. For Facts:
Examples:
I come from the United States.
Max lives on Main street.
It gets hot in Los Angeles during the summer.

2. Repeated/Regular Actions:
Examples:
The bus leaves every 15 minutes.
They
send cards every holiday.
We
go to the beach every weekend.

3. Habits:
Examples:
I drive to work every morning.
Sally
dances after school everyday.
Alex
drinks coffee all day.

4. Things Always True:
The president
lives in the White House.
The sun
shines on cloudless days.
The internet
has information about everything.

Verb Spelling and Conjugation
In the present tense, verbs are conjugated based on the last letter of the word.

For verbs that end in -O, -CH, -SH, -SS, -X, or -Z we add -ES in the third person.
go – goes
catch – catches
assess-assesses
kiss – kisses
watch-watches
miss-misses

For verbs that end in a consonant + Y, we remove the Y and add -IES.
carry – carries
study – studies
carry – carries
worry – worries

NOTE: For verbs that end in a vowel + Y, we just add -S.
play – plays
enjoy – enjoys
say – says

Negative Sentences
The sentence structure for negative sentences is below.

Subject Do/Doesn’t Verb Predicate
I/You/They don’t speak to the teacher.
He/She/It doesn’t speaks to the teacher.

Examples of Negative Sentences with Don’t and Doesn’t:

You don’t speak Arabic.
John
doesn’t speak Italian.
We
don’t have time for a rest.
It
doesn’t move.
They
don’t want to go to the party.
She
doesn’t like fish.

Questions in the Present Tense
To ask questions in the simple present tense we use do/does. A diagram of the word order for asking questions in the Present Tense is below

Do/Does Subject Verb Predicate ?
Do I/you/we/they want a new friend?
Does he/she want a new friend?

examples

Do I need to get a pen?
Does Mikehave a scooter?
Do the people from work have a ride?
Does she like to wear dresses?
Do you want to call me later?

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